How Motivational Strategies Helps to Improve Nutrition in Elderly Patients?
Motivation is important when setting goals, planning strategies to modify behavior, designing and giving advice, counseling others, and working through conflict situations. Motivation can be defined as something that causes a person to act or stimulates a person into action. Motivation can
- arouse and instigate particular behaviors
- give direction and purpose to behavior
- lead to the choice or preferring of a particular behavior
- cause a particular behavior to persist
It is important to remember that motivation is concerned not so much with what a patient can do but with what he or she will do. When a change in lifestyle, diet, or health practices is necessary, most patients need to be stimulated to act.
Motivation can arise from either intrinsic or extrinsic (external) factors, which can affect a patient either positively or negatively. A man who has recently suffered a heart attack may be intrinsically motivated to change his diet. Extrinsic factors may supplement or act as a barrier to intrinsic motivation: for example, positive external factors could include support from others, praise, or material rewards. Negative impacts on motivation could be supplied by social occasions or by family or friends who are not supportive and offer unsuitable foods. Behavioral change requires a determined commitment, the setting of goals for change, support from others, and the reduction or even elimination of barriers in the individual's social, cultural, physical, and psychological environments.