Weight Management in Anorexia Nervosa

Maira Ahsan Anorexia Nervosa Diet Management Diet Therapy Dietician Eating Disorder Electrolyte Imbalance Low Calorie Diet Malnutrition Undernurishment UnderWeight Weight Loss Weight Management

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa is commonly known as Anorexia. It is a type of eating disorder in which weight loss occurs due to inappropriate diet, the anxiety of weight gain, and longing to become thin.

In this type of disorder, Anorexic patients attempt to lose weight in different harmful ways. People with Anorexia desire to become thin and they limit their calories to the point of starvation. Anorexia nervosa disorder may affect people of different ages and genders. We discuss some facts about Anorexia in this article.

Causes

The exact cause of Anorexia Nervosa is still unspecified. Probably, it is a combination of various factors that play an important role in developing anorexia disorder.
• Biological and genetic factors
• Psychological factors
• Sociological factors
• Environmental factors

Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa patients show a variety of different signs and symptoms, depends upon the severity of the disorder. Some patients show severe symptoms in the initial stage and some people suffering from it, but disease severity is not ready to apparent.

The symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa may include the following:

• Physical symptoms may grow over time that includes reducing tolerance, weak hair and nails, dry or yellowing skin, anemia, constipation, Inflamed joints, tooth deterioration, and growth of hairs on the body
• Rapid loss in weight of body
• Persisting to low-calorie diet
• Extreme dread of gaining weight
• Odd eating habits or routines, such as eating in secret
• Thinking fat, even if underweight
• Depression, nervousness, or irritability
irregular menstrual periods in females
• Usage of diet pills
• Repetitive illness
• Excessive exercise
• Feeling hopeless

If Anorexia disorder is not treated properly, it may lead to:
• Broken and injured organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys
• Low blood pressure, slow pulse, and breathing rates
• Damage of hair
• Abnormal heartbeat
• Weakening of bones (osteoporosis)
• Imbalance of fluid-electrolyte
• Death from undernourishment

Goals for the treatment of anorexia nervosa , Treatment for anorexia nervosa happens in attempting to tackle the following three main things:

• Rebuilding the person’s lower health condition to a healthy weight.
• Deal With the psychological illnesses related to the illness.
• Decreasing or rejecting the behaviors or feelings that are major causes of disordered eating.

Diet Therapy for Anorexia Patients


Diet is the most vital element to maintain the body balance of Anorexia Nervosa patients. It must be designed according to the severity of the Patient’s condition. A variety of foods that contains an adequate number of calories and are higher in energy density is highly recommended in designing a meal plan for these patients. Additionally, Anorexic patients must start their therapeutic diet at a slow increasing and calculated rate.

Weight Management of Anorexia Patients:


Management of nutritional requirements of Anorexia patients forms an essential and critical part of treatment. From the perspective of the patient’s overall psychological condition, nutritional mediations, and interventions can be considered. The main goal for improving and correcting the body’s nutritional composition could only be achieved if there is a competent cellular function.
Before weight gain, adjusting of biochemical composition abnormalities is necessary. Patients with anorexia should have dietary assessments and should go comprehensive physical assessment.

Dieticians can be used to identify the main and specific deficiencies of macro and micronutrients by taking the diet history of anorexia patients to discover some facts about anorexia. By reviewing the diet history, the dietician understands his nutritional information that may include the patient’s measurement of weight and height, fluid intake, dietary habits, consumption of drugs, smoking, and usage of vitamin supplements. Nutritionist design meal plan that contains ample amounts of nutrients of
high energy density and contains adequate calories for anorexia patients. Nutritionists recommend the usage of micronutrient supplements for anorexia patients.

Conclusion:

The body of anorexia nervosa patients is deprived of many essential nutrients due to self-starvation and these are required to run bodies function normally. In self-starvation, the body is
compelled to slow the body’s processes to conserve energy that may lead to serious health consequences. Without any symptoms of the severity of anorexia disorder, electrolyte imbalance may be the cause of your death. It is extremely important to understand that eating disorders may affect your body and can cause death due to extreme nutritional deficiencies. There are some facts about anorexia and its treatment, If you want to learn more visit the below links.

References:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5998335/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5137219/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7557598/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6995106/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6491116/
https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/docs/default-source/improving-care/better-mh-policy/collegereports/college-report-cr130.pdf?sfvrsn=c4aad5e3_2



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